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Some interesting facts about Earthworm Composting:

  • Earthworms are nature’s most amazing recyclers.

  • Vermicuture is the term used for the raising of earthworms in a controlled environment.

  • Vermicompost or Vermigro as we call it is partly broken down organic waste produced by earthworms in compost bins or composting mounds.

  • Castings are the worm manure.

  • Worm leachate or what we call Vermigro Tea, is the liquid that is collected from the composting bins or by mixing some Vermigro with water and used as a plant fertilizer.

  • Earthworms help in maintaining soil fertility by increasing the breakdown of organic waste and producing mineral-rich castings (Vermicompost/ Vermigro), therefore reducing the need for expensive and harmful chemical fertilizers.

  • The earthworms most suited to compost bins are Red Wrigglers (Eisenia Foetida) 6 – 10cm long, red on top and paler underneath.

  • They can be found where there is moist rotting organic material: leaf mould, compost heaps.

  • Have voracious appetites and can eat as much as half of their weight.

  • Earthworm population doubles within 5 – 7 weeks.

  • Can digest almost 90% of organic materials.

  • Can tolerate a wider range of temperature then other earthworms

  • Are incapable of spreading disease, in fact the earthworms digestive tract even removes disease causing pathogens from the food they have consumed.

Benefits of Organic Composting:

The mainstay of organic (for our purposes, sustainable) agriculture is maintenance of soil health and environmental balances through continual applications of compost.

The benefits of compost are outlined below.


  • Compost increases soil workability, water holding capacity, porosity and drainage, compost minimizes wind and water erosion. Soil temperatures are moderated, making plants less susceptible to extremes of heat or cold.

  • Compost nutrients are released slowly, allowing them to stay in the soil for a period of up to five years. So, while chemical fertilizers may contain more available nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium than compost, compost allows these and other nutrients to be consumed by plant roots as they are needed. Slow release of nutrients in compost means there is also no danger of over-fertilizing plants.

  • Compost creates enhances microbial action in the soil. This creates a stable ecosystem for beneficial insects, birds, and other organisms, which keeps pests in check and trigger plants’ natural defenses against disease. Healthier plants lessen the need for fertilizers or pesticides. Less fertilizers and pesticides pose less of a danger to animals and humans who are exposed to toxic residuals through food, water, soil and air.

Vermigro Organic Fertilizer uses:


  • Place in hole before transplanting seedlings.

  • Mix 1 part Vermigro organic compost: 4 parts soil (potting soil / seedling mix, etc.)

  • Mulch around base of plants.